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Citation Using Direct Quotation – A Must-Read For University Students

Citations and references are most essential for enhancing the credibility and trustworthiness of a dissertation or other document. Without proper citation and referencing, you may have to deal with plagiarism. So, as per the standards of writing, you are supposed to properly cite every piece of data taken from outer sources. For different types of data, you can get proper guidelines, including several formats; APA, Harvard, MLA, and Chicago. Other than format, the ways of citation also matter. You have to see how different type of data is supposed to be cited in a particular way, in a defined format. Suppose the citation using direct quotation in APA format. The citation of direct quotations is different from the citation of regular text. Let’s have a guide on citation using direct quotation.

What is Citation Using Direct Quotation?

In any assignment or research work, you may have to come up with the use of some words without making any amendments. You can understand it better with the help of quotations. Whenever you have to use words of other writers in the same format, this is referred as a direct quotation. You can also use your own work for mentioning somewhere, from previous work. In all cases, the use of data is taken as a direct quotation that requires proper citation.

In the case of direct quotation, you have to use quotation marks. While citation using direct quotation, you have to be careful about the limit of words. The basic threshold is taken up to 40 words. Now, you have to see how to cite direct quotation which has words less than 40. Similarly, you should have information related to the quotation, which has more than 40 words.

Let’s discuss both cases with the help of an example.

Case number one is when you have words less than or equal to 40. I am going to add random data to use as an example.

“In the next step, you have to define themes with proper descriptions. Define each theme in such a way which can engage the reader effectively. The use of a coherent story while defining a theme can help you a lot” (Hellay, 1876, p. 4).

Here, the word limit is 40. First of all, you have to use double quotation marks to let the reader know that you have used exact words without making any amendment. Secondly, you have to go for a citation using direct quotation, which includes the name of the original author, year and number of pages.

The second case is when your data exceed the limit of words.

The citation of direct quotation is not limited to quotation marks, but you would not find the use of quotation marks in some cases. In order to make it different and let the reader know that it’s a direct quotation, you have to add an indent in your paragraph. Also, you have to ensure a freestanding block of the information collected from a particular source. One more thing which makes citation using direct quotation with more than 40 words is the double spacing of information. In the end, you have to add the name of the author, year and number of pages which can help in tracking original information. An example of this case is m mentioned below:

In the next step, you have to define themes with proper descriptions. Define each theme in such a way which can engage the reader effectively. The use of a coherent story while defining a theme can help you a lot. Finally, you have to analyze the whole work to split the research task. At the time of conducting an inductive thematic study, you have to be careful about the choice of questions. (Hellay, 1876, p. 4)

How Do You Cite Direct Quotes In APA?

There are two particular ways of a citation using direct quotation. It includes parenthetical references and narrative references.

  • In parenthetical reference, you have more than one option for citation. You can cite the text just after the direct quotation, or you can add it after completing the sentence. The use of quotation marks and format of citation remains the same. Only the difference is of location, which can be in the midway as well as in the end.
  • On the other hand, when you have to ensure narrative reference, you need to add the name of author within the sentence and then mention the year in brackets. After that, you can add a direct quotation within the quotation marks. Once you complete the information taken, you need to add the page number in brackets.

What are some Examples of Direct citations?

There are three main things that matters for the citation using direct quotation, including the name of the author, year and page number of the source. You may find many sources where page numbers can be missing, so you should know how to deal with such cases. With in-text citation using direct quotation, you have to keep an eye on full referencing of the source.

The examples of citation using direct quotation are mentioned below:

  • (Smith, 1876, p. 104)
  • Halley (2000) has justified that “….” (p. 98)
  • (Bella, 2000, pp. 99-100)
  • As Bell (2005) found “….” (pp. 99-100)
  • (Jheron, 2015, 1:15)
  • Jheron (2015) noted that “……” (1:15)

As a university student, you should know about a citation with all of its details. In this way, it becomes easy to write a perfect assignment with citations as per the standards of academics. You can also ask assignment writing services to complete citation tasks in a pocket-friendly way.

Final Thoughts

The above-mentioned aspects related to citation using direct quotation can make things easy to manage. Being a university student, you should have a clear understanding of the discussed feature. As per the need of the hour, you can see which way is better to use in your dissertation, assignment or research paper. When you get a good hand on the use of discussed example, it would not be wrong to say that you know much about citation using direct quotation.

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